Maharashtra Population, According to the latest data from the Census of India, the population of Maharashtra, a state in western India, is approximately 123 million as of 2021. Maharashtra is the second most populous state in India and is known for its diverse population, with people from various cultural and linguistic backgrounds. The capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai, which is the most populous city in India and is an important economic and cultural center. The state is also known for its rich cultural heritage, with a number of important temples and other landmarks located throughout the region. Other major cities in Maharashtra include Pune, Nashik, and Nagpur.