Madhya Pradesh Population, According to the latest data from the Census of India, the population of Madhya Pradesh, a state in central India, is approximately 82 million as of 2021. Madhya Pradesh is known for its diverse population, with people from various cultural and linguistic backgrounds. The capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal, which is an important center of education and research. The state is also known for its rich cultural heritage, with a number of important temples and other landmarks located throughout the region. Other major cities in Madhya Pradesh include Indore, Gwalior, and Jabalpur.